AI Technology, Concept and Application
AI (Artificial Intelligence) is one of the most advanced technologies that can change the entire social life beyond the advent of the Internet. Thanks to the development of artificial intelligence, the perspective that machines replace people in many fields becomes more realistic. However, this technology also causes much debate about human rights and the existence of mankind. Lina Network learned briefly about technology 4.0 – AI in the article below.
What is AI technology?
The concept of AI technology first appeared by John McCarthy, an American computer scientist, in 1956 at The Dartmouth Conference. According to M. Minsky: “Artificial intelligence aimed at computer simulation of intelligent human actions”.
AI technology is a technology that simulates human thought and learning processes for machines, especially computer systems. These processes include learning (information gathering and rules of information use), reasoning (using rules: to reach an approximate or definite conclusion), and self-correction. AI programming is different from logical programming, because the process of applying machine learning systems to simulate human intelligence so that AI can think, adapt itself, solve problems by itself.
AI technology classification
Artificial Intelligence scientists classify this technology into four groups as follows:
A technology that is capable of analyzing its own feasible moves and the surrounding environment, then offering the most optimal solution. One example is Deep Blue, the IBM chess auto-chess program that defeated world champion Garry Kasparov in the 1990s. Deep Blue’s AI technology can identify moves and predict further moves. But it has no memory and cannot use past experiences to continue training in the future.
As a technology that is able to reuse past experience to make decisions, it is often combined with sensors to identify the surrounding environment. Some of these decision making functions are present in unmanned devices such as cars, drones or submarines.
Theory of mind:
Technology that can learn and think for itself, and apply what it learns to specific cases. However, at present, this technology is still not feasible and faces the opposition of many experts, they fear that if this technology is born, the human management machines will come true.
Conscious and human-like, even capable of expressing emotions, but similar to artificial intelligence theory, this technology is not feasible.
Application of AI technology:
AI is the core foundation of the 4.0 revolution. Developing AI creates a fierce competition among technology giants such as Microsoft, Google, Honda, etc. Here are the areas where AI has been applied and made great changes.
Cars can automatically move thanks to the ability to identify surroundings based on AI. In addition, the AI facial recognition feature and biometric system help the car analyze the human face and ensure safety.
Surely you are no stranger Siri, Google Assistant or Alexa – the most typical virtual assistants. Voice control technology is said to be the driving force behind the changing hospitality industry.
Virtual assistants on all digital platforms such as LinkedIn, Facebook and other websites. These chatbots help businesses answer customer queries anytime, anywhere. According to a 2017 study, about 45% of users prefer chatbot communication.
With AI, companies can rely on big data to classify customers into different groups based on input from digital marketing. Since then, the establishment of appropriate marketing and sales strategies.
Automated warehouse and supply chain management:
This system helps manage goods and supply of goods, making the e-commerce industry more efficient.
The famous AI app robot inventions
The Asimo robot is the pride of Japanese technology, the first robot in the world capable of climbing stairs and moving independently. Not only that, it can recognize faces, voices, gestures, and can be controlled via voice.
Honda designed ASIMO with the purpose of creating a true maid for humans, a robot that can do chores, take care of the elderly,helping people with disabilities…
This is a guest attending the Summit 4.0 Forum and International Exhibition on Industry 4.0 held by the Government and Central Economic Committee on July 13, 2018. Lina Network hornor to be one of 4.0 enterprise was invited to be speaker in this event.
Sophia is a humanoid-shaped robot developed by Hanson Robotics in Hong Kong. Sophia first appeared in the public in 2015, designed to move like humans and have artificial intelligence. The purpose of building Sophia is to invent a robot that is as conscious, creative and capable as any human being to help people with everyday life issues such as for health care, treatment, education and customer service applications.
On October 25, 2017, Sophia was the first robot to be granted civil rights like a human by Saudi Arabia. She was named the world’s first creative champion of the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), having an official role in working with UNDP to promote the sustainable development of the world, as well as protecting human rights and equality.
Immediately after birth, BINA48 quickly won the title of the most realistic robot ever born. BINA48 is capable of learning so the vocabulary and knowledge of this robot will increase daily if it is exposed to humans. BINA48’s face can currently express 64 different emotional states based on the information received and feedback. In addition, this robot is also capable of making decisions based on memories and personalities that have been previously loaded. In some cases, BINA48 may even defend its opinions by means and data.
Currently, the development and application of AI is still controversial. The fact that machines can simulate intelligence and handle work with the same or better efficiency than humans creates debates on human rights, ethics, and job opportunities. Professor Stephen Hawking once said: AI can threaten the future of our species. Once we reach a certain level, we will not be able to predict the goals nor be able to control them.
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